The current situation
Equatorial Guinea is a republican state of Western Africa. It is composed of a continental part bordered by Cameroon to the north, Gabon to the south and east and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. Its coasts extend from north to south along 150 kilometres, from the mouth of the river Campo to the estuary of the river Muni. The insular part is composed of the island of Bioko, formerly Fernando Poo, the most important island, located to the northwest of the continental part, in the deepest area of the Gulf of Biafra; the rest of the islands are Corisco, Elobey Grande and Elobey Chico, located between the capes of San Juan and Esterias, very near to the coast, and the isle of Pagalú (Annobón), the farthest from the continent, located on the latitude 1º19”S.
The total area of Equatorial Guinea is 28,051.46 square kilometres, with a population of 750,000 inhabitants.
The topography of the continental area is uneven because of the mountain range of the Siete Montañas. The maximum height is 1,200 metres. The most important rivers are Campo, Benito and Muni. The maximum height of the island of Bioko is Peak Basile with 3,007 metres.
Crops: Cocoa (18,000 tonnes), coffee (7,200 tonnes), banana, yam, manioc, palm oil.
The rainforest covers 81.6 per cent of the land. Valuable timber comes out of these trees such as okoume, African coralwood and ebony.
The electric energy infrastructure reaches 17,000 kW. The road network covers 3,300 km.
Wood, cocoa, coffee and oil are exported
The currency is the Central African Franc (CFA).
Religion: Most of the population is catholic.
The capital and important cities: The capital city is Malabo, located on the island of Bioko, with 30,710 inhabitants; Bata, located in the continental region, has 32,700 inhabitants; other important cities are Nsoc, Mongomo, Lubá, Ebebiyín and Niefang.
Folklore: As a result of the different ethnic groups existing in Equatorial Guinea, its folklore is rich and varied. You can find the dance of the “Mokom” of the Fang tribe, in which the dancers shake their bodies abruptly, giving the impression that their bone structure looses all rigidity, transforming itself into a totally elastic one. Another dance is the “Ivanga” of the Ndowes, in which the dancers, by the light of a fire, their faces powdered with an aromatic white substance, their fragile bodies dressed in white gowns, shake their hips with an angelic sensuality. You can also find the “Cachá” dance, in which the dancers wear their “Chekka” costumes and, between singing and clapping, follow the rhythm causing the gods to smile.